Plan C Irexit

March 25, 2018

Preferred option B for this blog is Irexit with Ireland joining UK Brexit leaving the EU. Unification of the island of Ireland to follow with Ireland achieving a new status similar to the status of Scotland or Wales. All parties to negotiate agreement on new constitutional relationships that would cement economic and social ties seeing to undo the damage done by our divided island that otherwise post Brexit could easily see this island go the way of Cyprus partitioned with its borders and economic collapse with bail in of its citizens in spite of safeguards promising otherwise.

Another option A is the ludicrous suggestion by Fianna Fail of a backstop legally binding that would prevent a hard border in Ireland but would put a border for the 32 counties in the Irish sea. This has been attacked and vilified by unionists and Teresa May as a violation of the constitution of the UK and NI effectively an attempt to grab NI from its constitional place in the UK. Even more ludicrous would be the requirement as part of the deal for unionists to put up a border in the Irish sea preventing them trading freely with their largest trading partner the UK.

There is perhaps a simpler and more logical way forward if Occam’s razor like analysis is applied to the false dilemma and Gordian knot involved in trying to solve with Option A and B above.

NI will join Brexit, the Republic of Ireland will remain in the EU. There will be no hard border between NI and ROI. Instead of the border being in the Irish sea, the border is placed in ports that access EU countries from ROI. Quite apart from Schengen there is precedence for this with countries in the eurozone setting up borders to police immigration in violation of Schengen. However this border would concentrate primarily on trade issues.

Yes this would require a special status for ROI within the EU and would be in breach of Schengen and the free movement of goods and people within the EU but as a buffer state ROI would require exceptional measures with a new custom agreement between partners in shared negotiations between the UK, EU and ROI.

ROI would retain the euro as its currency and generally things would move along the same as they do now, but for the presence of a new border.

This border would be far simpler to police than a border between NI and ROI. Much work would need to be done to accelerate the movement of goods and people through that border. Negotiations could center on making the border as tariff free and as close to free trade as possible.

See earlier blogs on work that has been achieved in Hong Kong border with China. Paperwork and digital pre clearance for agricultural goods and goods from verifiable and known sources trading on a regular basis.

And what of counter arguments that would horrify us with the prospect of Brazilian beef undercutting our own beef prices or goods such as Mercedes cars on sale in UK with an extra tariff and the prospect of those cars imported through ROI into NI and flooding their market undermining their motor sales at the same time?

Yes, there are difficulties. But these difficulties are not insurmountable and our Dept of Finance can solve these on a case by case basis.

Such difficulties pale into insignificance compared to the imposition of a border between ROI and NI with a hard Brexit. Its time Irish negotiations over Brexit became a lot smarter than the ludicrousness of Option A. I note erstwhile Independent Stephen Donnelly trading up to Fianna Fail spokesperson on Brexit is trumpeting the phony solution of insisting on legal backstop for Option A above.

This is as phony a solution as the 8th Amendment support of his leader Michael Martin to abortion based on a woman’s right to choose out to 12 weeks to solve the rare occasions when primary care needs to e given to safeguard the life of a mother. But let’s not digress.

Let’s get back to the lives of citizens threatened with the imposition of a hard border and greater divisions than have ever been on this island between north and south. We should not have to pay through the nose for ludicrous politicians touting phony solutions hell-bent on making a bad situation worse.

Both Simon Harris Minister for Health and Michael Martin FF Leader of the opposition have gone very quiet on their support for the government’s position on the 8th Amendment following the strong showing of opposition to it last weekend.

Interestingly An Taoiseach Leo Varadkar has made a huge about turn on his policy re Brexit. Much criticised in this blog for his decision not to negotiate bilaterally with the UK, I picked up during this week that he met with Prime Minister Teresa May in bilateral discussions following his meetings with Trump and Merkel.

This u turn went unnoticed in the media but it went further than that. The UK were not vetoed by us preventing them get on to Stage 2 Brexit negotiations; in other words, the Stephen Donnelly approach was ignored and abandoned. I welcome that uturn.

Option C requires substantial work but it is doable providing there is good will toward this island from the UK and EU.

Preferred solution is our departure from the EU with Brexit followed by Irexit with further arguments in favour of this option to follow in part 2 of this blog for next time…

We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hardbecause that goal …

Unfortunately we are beleagured by politicians who’ve failed the challenges of homelessness, trolloy crisis, unaffordable housing for young people, Irish water, debt renegotiation: we’ve no reason to think they should not also make a mess of negotiations on Brexit.

As for leaving it to politicians who according to Brendan Howlin TD leader of the Labour Party can be relied on to reflect the will of the people, what a fallacious view of politics? Ask the people are they satisfied with Irish Water, the trolley crisis, housing and homelessness policies delivered by politicians over the past number of years? Or do they consider politicians reflect the view of minorities such as the ECB in Frankfurt, the wealthy financial sector in Ireland, the bankers?

Meanwhile in an attempt to burn its bridges the Central Bank is considering a move to close its printing works removing our ability to print our own currency in the future and in the process lose a national asset:

http://www.thejournal.ie/currency-printing-ireland-3925140-Mar2018/?utm_source=shortlink

 

till again…

 

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Brexit should mean Irexit

February 20, 2018

Another reason to leave the EU is the deluge of propaganda typical in the following poll

https://www.irishtimes.com/news/politics/fine-gael-support-surges-on-back-of-brexit-row-1.3318116

This gives Fine Gael at 36% up 5%. This is the latest Irish Times/Ipsos MRBI opinion poll!!

I don’t know how these polls are conducted but I believe they need to be investigated rigorously to probe impartiality!

The hospital trolley crisis continues unabated with hospitals at dangerous crisis point throughout the country. Homelessness continues to be on the increase.

“PTSB, still 75pc owned by taxpayers, shocked the market this week when it emerged efforts to mop up its balance sheet were far more drastic than anticipated.

It involves the disposal of some 20,000 impaired residential mortgages.” This would mean a huge rise in homelessness. I’m guessing none of the above were polled by Irish Times/Ipsos MRBI opinion poll.

There was a suggestion that the following offer to landlords could be extended to homeowners in arrears, however it appears Fine Gael and the banks perhaps influenced by the large number of td’s who are landlords, will get a more favorable deal than if they were thrown to the wolves in the vulture funds.

There is also evidence to suggest Frankfurt is putting pressure on Irish banks to sell to vulture funds. This writer has frequently pointed out the policy on homelessness is dictated from The ECB in Frankfurt contrary to what the government and the Irish banks would have you believe.

The ECB through the imposition of fiscal limits the so-called fiscal space determining our budget prevents the investment in our housing infrastructure required to solve our homelessness crisis.

Such large-scale investment would make housing affordable but reducing the cost of housing would risk current borrowers falling into negative equity leading to investment flowing out of casino housing and property the implications of which would collapse the banks.

https://www.independent.ie/business/personal-finance/property-mortgages/bank-to-write-off-debts-of-more-than-1000-landlords-under-deal-36597051.html

Meanwhile local developers will not invest in large-scale construction because of the excessive building costs and that affordability issue making the selling on of such property as unviable.

Fine Gael enjoy the surging support mentioned above on foot of not reducing the cost of land through restructuring of our planning laws and reducing the huge tax it takes on construction such as the large vat rate that does not exist across the water in the UK.

Authors of the debacle of Irish water, the sell off to the vulture funds, the failure to negotiate a fair bailout, are now authors of 10 Priorities of the National Planning Framework, Project Ireland 2040, on foot of a lack of satisfactory progress to deal with the issues of the day as eg above, bring us their dreams of the future.

Of course this is misdirection to take attention away from the clear and present danger of crises that do not reflect well on governance in Ireland 2018. Its a ploy tried by many failed African and South American and East European formerly USSR states who promise nirvana and deliver its opposite.

Fine Gael are busy with their latest project managing Brexit. They will gladly sacrifice Irish farming to build and pay for the new border with its huge cost dictated to us by the Michel Barnier French politician leading EU negotiations on Brexit.

He will ensure costs against France and Germany are not exposed to possible losses by Ireland: in the Financial collapse where 40% of losses of the total EU losses were shafted onto Irish shoulders, he’s busy sending signals to us that there will be a hard border.

Varadkar and Coveney unable to defend their own people mistaking their interests for the interests of Irish banks and vulture funds are preparing to sacrifice rural Ireland, just as they have sacrificed tens of thousands of homeowners to the banks.

Meanwhile propaganda and misdirection continues, whether it is the 8th Amendment  debate that censors discussion on the provision and cost of hospital services and the cost to the Irish taxpayer, or the abandonment of those in mortgage arrears, or the lack of real debate and preparation for Brexit.

There is some debate but it’s largely nonsensical such as the effort of Fine Gael suggestion last November that the only way to avoid a hard border in Ireland was, essentially, for Northern Ireland to remain inside, or as close as possible to, the customs union and single market. The Irish border would move off the island into the Irish Sea.

Since then Coveney and Varadkar have made fools of themselves over devolved government in the North to the point of visiting NI anticipating this announcement.

The term dim-witted comes to mind. Often this term has been leveled at Brexiteers as anti Brexit propaganda:

The Sunday Times:

“Those who voted ‘leave’ are often dismissed as dim or racist. But now some of Britain’s top academics and thinkers — from the left and right — have banded together to put the positive political and economic case for independence

Brexit supporters are overeducated toffs who dream of ruling the waves and biffing Johnny Foreigner. Or they are racist proles too dim to see through the lies of the Brexit campaign. Either way, they have one thing in common — they are all, every one of them, as thick as the slowest-witted plant in your garden.

That link between low IQ and a Brexit vote is now an entrenched ideology among many, if not most, remainers. You hear it at dinner parties, you see it on television, you read it in frothing newspaper columns and you can detect it in the fear of professional or private exposure among many “leave” voters.

But, from today, Brexiteers can come out of the closet and hold their heads high. They will know that they have the support of Nigel Biggar, professor of theology at Oxford; Sir Richard Dearlove, former head of MI6; David Abulafia, professor of history at Cambridge; and Sir Noel Malcolm of All Souls, Oxford. In fact, they will have the support of 37 of the brightest people — both from the left and the right — in the land. And soon there will be many more of them.

The list is due to appear because a pair of Cambridge academics, one leftish, one rightish, were sick of the vilification of Brexiteers, the distortions of the remainers and of being “deluged with one-sided propaganda”. In a calm, professional egghead sort of way, they’re mad as hell, and they’re not going to take it any more. “I thought of it during one of those terribly pessimistic weeks,” says the economist Graham Gudgin, of the Judge Business School at Cambridge, “when Theresa May wasn’t going to last until teatime and there was definitely going to be a second referendum. Together we thought, ‘Gosh, we ought to be better organised than at the last referendum.’”

“It was,” says Robert Tombs, emeritus professor of French history at Cambridge, “the whole tide of propaganda about how awful everything was, how awful everything was going to be, and we didn’t believe this. We realised quite a lot of other people didn’t believe it either.”

They are dismayed by the contempt for Brexiteers shown by remainers. “Graham and I have working-class or lower middle-class backgrounds,” says Tombs. “I do feel you just can’t write off a large part of the population as being unworthy of consideration.”

Together they have designed a website — briefingsforbrexit.com — that will go live in the next few days. The mission statement makes it clear this is an assault on the too-thick-to-vote theory of Brexit. By word of mouth the news got out and, without a word of publicity, they suddenly found they had a pantheon of super-smart supporters. “I’ve been surprised by how many people found out about it and came on board quickly,” says Gudgin. “We would not have known about them unless we set this up.”

They are fully independent: the website is the only cost, and Gudgin paid for that. The anti-Brexit campaign is not independent; it has just received £400,000 from the financier George Soros. “[His] support for the pro-remain campaign shows there is a lot of big money behind hardline remainers, whose interests have little to do with the interests of the country as a whole,” says Tombs. “It shows that independent, self-funded initiatives like ours are all the more important. The other important news is the selective leaking of unsourced statistics; this shows again how much expert scrutiny is needed.”

Sadly, some Brexiteer academics were afraid to join Briefings for Brexit. “They said, ‘I’d love to be part of your group but I haven’t got a proper job yet and I probably won’t if I’m identified.’”

“One of our contributors said he was told by a younger pro-Brexit colleague that his professor had told him that people who voted Brexit were the sort of people who sent his relatives to concentration camps,” says Gudgin.

For the same reason, some of the authors of essays on the site will be anonymous. Tombs says he had one pro-Brexit student who did not dare to say anything to her supervisor because he claimed all Brexiteers were racists. “I thought one thing we academics were paid to do was help explain things to people, but universities have become so simple-minded about this.”

Also self-interested. Tombs points out that universities get a lot of money from the EU, adding: “So many of our colleagues had wrongly taken a corporatist, selfish and narrow view.”

Gudgin and Tombs are an odd couple. Gudgin has the air of a former fast bowler, tall and lanky with a loose suit and tie; Tombs looks like an opening batsman, more buttoned-up, a continental intellectual. Gudgin votes Labour and has some time for Jeremy Corbyn; Tombs voted Liberal Democrat last time around and Tory before that. Gudgin is the economic technician, Tombs the big-picture historical analyst. Both are old enough to have voted remain in the 1975 referendum. Both did so on the basis they were voting for a free trade area. What they got was a nascent superstate hell-bent on absorbing all power into its own bureaucracy.

“To every crisis that comes along, the answer is always more centralisation, never less,” says Tombs.

Gudgin’s anger was driven primarily by economic distortions. At the time of the referendum there were two Treasury reports. The first was short term. It forecast that a vote for Brexit would produce an instant recession; in fact, the only thing that was instant was the refutation of the thesis by reality; we continued to have comfortable growth. The glaring flaw in the short-term report was a figure plucked out of the air. The Treasury wonks simply assumed the loss of business confidence would be 50% of the loss of confidence during the banking crisis. This was ridiculously high.

“It looks like most of the errors in the short-term report have been repeated in last week’s report from Dexeu [Department for Exiting the European Union],” says Gudgin. This was a leaked paper from the Brexit secretary David Davis’s Dexeu showing massive falls in growth in most regions of the UK. It did not show who had done the work or how it was done; it is uncheckable and, therefore, irrelevant in academic terms. In any case, Gudgin says, the figures are ludicrous.

The second report at the time of the referendum made long-term forecasts, and it has proved more enduring. It was very pessimistic. Gudgin says it is still the source of most remainer claims by television pundits and Europhile politicians. Tombs agrees: “The original paper has kind of coloured the whole debate.”

But Gudgin and a team of four economists — three of them remainers — proved its assumptions wrong back in 2016. They tried to organise a meeting but the Treasury “absolutely refused to meet”. They wrote letters to the Financial Times, but they were not published.

The errors were important but, perhaps, too technical to grasp. One showed the Treasury wonks had failed to take account of the fact that Britain is almost the only EU state that has more trade outside the EU than inside. This distorted downwards the forecast on trade. “They calculated the amount of extra exports to EU countries due to being an EU member, but took an average across all EU members rather than measuring the specific effect for the UK,” says Gudgin. “They then assumed all the gains would be lost on leaving and that no replacement exports would occur via new free-trade agreements. These are extreme assumptions and led the Treasury to an exaggerated estimate of the impact of Brexit.”

The other assumed a close correlation between growth and productivity, but the assumption was based on just two papers that found a link in emerging economies. There was no link in developed economies. Were these errors, I ask Gudgin, or deliberate massaging of the numbers? He says there are issues of civil service integrity and of scientific “sins”.

About the two reports at the time of the referendum, he says: “I was told not to be naive. The chancellor was George Osborne, and he was strongly anti-Brexit. The civil servants were asked to do a major report. What other conclusion could they come to?”

Gudgin, however, does not agree with the strong, ideological Brexiteers on the free-market right when they claim there will be an economic boom arising from our ability to trade freely without EU restrictions. By 2030, he predicts a Brexit fall in GDP growth of about a quarter of 1%, but no effect whatsoever on the much more important GDP per capita — the effect on us individually. But still the voices of Brexit disaster have the microphone. “Nobody who appears on the BBC and says ‘This is going to be a catastrophe’ is ever asked what their view is based on,” says Gudgin.

Tombs’s analysis is more political. A celebrated historian of France, in 2014 he published The English and Their History. It was, among many other things, a rejection of the postwar declinist narrative that has dominated the lives of three generations. “By the standards of humanity as a whole,” he wrote, “England over the centuries has been among the richest, safest and best-governed places on earth, as periodical influxes of people testify. Its living standards in the 14th century were higher than much of the world in the 20th. We who have lived in England since 1945 have been among the luckiest people in the existence of Homo sapiens: rich, peaceful and healthy.”

The postwar, post-imperial decline of Britain — one of the driving forces behind our decision to join the EU — is an illusion. Yet in the 1960s and 1970s it was treated as established fact. When we joined the EU (then the EEC) in 1973 it was in a state of panic. Britain, it was said, was the Titanic and Europe our lifeboat.

“I think, speaking as a historian and as a patriot, that we were taken into the EU on a misunderstanding of our situation,” says Tombs. “It would have been better in the 1960s and 1970s to continue to ask for a free trade agreement. I don’t think most people understood the full implications of what we were signing up to politically.”

Part of that illusion was economic, the belief that growth in the EEC was outstripping ours. In fact that growth rate ground to a halt soon after we joined because it was based on a quarter-century of recovery from the Second World War. We were actually doing rather better than Europe. “We looked at the record of growth in per capita GDP since 1952,” says Gudgin, “and growth was better before we joined the EU than after.”

Politically, Tombs now sees the EU as imperilled by its own mania for centralisation. He had hesitated to vote “leave” because he foresaw the chaos among politicians and the civil servants that would ensue. “But the reason I eventually voted to leave was because I think the EU is either going to break up, and break up very badly, or at least dissolve into a dysfunctional confederation of non-co-operative members, or it will become — and France’s President Emmanuel Macron has stated this very clearly, to his credit — much more centralised, and not through conventional politics. The European parliament is not the way in which it could work or, indeed, is being envisaged to work. It will become a much more bureaucratic system in which power is exercised through banks and government bureaucracies, not through a normal process of political discussion.

“We’ve seen how that works in Italy and Greece: a political choice is defeated by sheer weight of economic pressure — if you do this, your currency or economy will collapse. I don’t think that would last and I don’t see how it could have a good end. I don’t think we either want to be, or ought to be, a party to that.”

Gudgin adds — and the left should pay attention — that a fully united Europe would have a hopelessly poor social security system as the Germans and others would not be willing to support welfare for the Greeks and southern Italians.

Both despised the way each side conducted the referendum campaign and how lies and manipulation contributed to the current rancorous social and political divisions. The dishonesty left a persistent residue of anger and mutual contempt that poisons and obscures debate.

So there you have it. A Brexit vote is not a symptom of low IQ any more than it is of racism. Brexiteers should wave the list of names on briefingsforbrexit.com the next time remainers sneer at them.

On a personal note, I voted to remain, having been unsure to the last minute. I disbelieved the economic arguments; I thought them rigged. I just believed that, maybe, the EU could ensure peace in Europe for another generation. Briefings for Brexit has knocked that one down. Tombs points out that Nato and nuclear weapons have done more to keep the peace than the EU, and a paper on the site will show that the EU has stirred up more wars than it can ever have stopped.

“Instead of peaceful integration,” writes Philip Cunliffe, a senior lecturer in international conflict at Kent University, “the eastward expansion of the EU has disproved its claim to reunify the Continent and shattered its legitimacy as a peacemaker.”

In a new referendum I would vote “leave”. It’s the smart option.

It’s right to leave: the great minds thinking alike

ECONOMISTS
Dr Graham Gudgin
, Judge Business School, Cambridge
Paul Ormerod, visiting professor at University College London

PHILOSOPHERS/THEORISTS
Nigel Biggar
, regius professor of moral and pastoral theology, Oxford
Paul Elbourne, professor of the philosophy of language, Oxford
Dr Tom Simpson, associate professor of philosophy and public policy, Blavatnik school of government, Oxford

LAWYERS

Ruth Deech
Ruth DeechBEN GURR

Sir Richard Aikens, QC, former member of the Court
of Appeal
Baroness (Ruth) Deech, former chairwoman of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority
Dr Richard Ekins, associate professor in law, Oxford
Carol Harlow, QC, emeritus professor of law, London School of Economics (LSE)
John Tasioulas, professor of politics, philosophy and law at the Dickson Poon School of Law, King’s College London
Guglielmo Verdirame, professor of international law, King’s College London

FOREIGN POLICY/DIPLOMACY/DEFENCE
Dr Philip Cunliffe
, senior lecturer in international conflict, University of Kent
Sir Richard Dearlove, former head of MI6
John Forsyth, former member of the council of the Royal Institute for International Affairs
Dr Lee Jones, reader in international politics, Queen Mary University of London
Sir Peter Marshall, formerly deputy secretary-general of the Commonwealth
Gwythian Prins, emeritus research professor at the LSE
Dr Philip Towle, emeritus reader in international relations, Cambridge
Sir Andrew Wood, former ambassador to Russia and a fellow at Chatham House

SOCIAL POLICY
David Coleman
, emeritus professor of demography, Oxford
Jonathan Rutherford, emeritus professor of cultural studies, Middlesex University
Dr Joanna Williams, author/academic

PSYCHOLOGY
Dr Terri Apter
, former senior tutor, Newnham College, Cambridge
Robin Dunbar, emeritus professor of evolutionary psychology, Oxford

BUSINESS
Alexander Darwall
, Jupiter Asset Management
Sir Paul Marshall, chairman of ARK Schools
Rory Maw, Bursar of Magdalen College, Oxford
Dame Helena Morrissey, Legal & General Investment Management
Edmund Truell, chairman Disruptive Capital Finance
David Abulafia, professor of Mediterranean history, Cambridge
Sir Noel Malcolm, fellow of All Souls College, Oxford
Dr Daniel Robinson, fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford
Dr Peter Sarris, reader in late Roman, medieval and Byzantine studies, Cambridge
Robert Tombs, emeritus professor of French history, Cambridge

NATURAL SCIENCES
Dr Ian Winter
, senior lecturer in the department of physiology, development and neuroscience, Cambridge

POLITICAL SCIENCES AND GOVERNMENT
Lord (Maurice) Glasman
, Labour peer and director of the Common Good Foundation
Robert J Jackson, professor at Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada, and emeritus professor at the University of Redlands, California
Richard Tuck, professor of government, Harvard University”

In Ireland:

Instead of homelessness, no affordable homes for young people, dismantling of the agri sector in Ireland, hospital trollies, the smarter option is to join with Britain in Brexit, look to unification of NI and Southern Ireland and work for a UK arrangement similar to NI, Wales, Scotland and England with a new Ireland joining the commonwealth. 

FDI here is global and FDI won’t leave because of Brexit alone again contrary to claims of the contrary.

We need Irexit.

The alternative is a vassal state enslaved by France and Germany who will ruthlesslessly
dismember and loot this country to save its own financial sector.

Financial collapse and its fallout since 2010 through austerity is only the precursor of a much larger loss to this country if Brexit brings a hard border with tariffs, falling value of sterling that will break exports.

Eventually leaving Ireland more divided  than it ever was before.

As a vassal state of the EU we will not even be able to comfort ourselves with false notions of our sovereign independence long since handed over to the troika and the ECB.

Our role in the governance of the EU through parliamentary MEP’s will be more of an empty vessel than it has been ever before.

Think of how Greece and Cyprus have moved in terms of their own sovereignty under the EU..

The loss of billions in revenue each year to Ireland….

https://www.irishexaminer.com/ireland/unique-brexit-exposure-could-cost-ireland-billions-each-year-467105.html

https://www.revenue.ie/en/corporate/documents/research/brexit-and-the-consequences-for-irish-customs.pdf

Instead of focusing on a Planning Framework up to 2040, perhaps more preparation for Brexit 2018/2019 is in order…

Instead of empty vessels making the most noise.

 

 

…..till again

Prepare for No Deal!

January 24, 2018

Taoiseach’s speech in Strasbourg: https://www.finegael.ie/speech-taoiseach-leo-varadkar-t-d-european-parliament-strasbourg/

–   An Taoiseach, Leo Varadkar TD

Europe has been a great success.   And we owe its achievements – peace, individual rights, equality before the law, prosperity – to that political creativity and the friendship we have built together.”

Unfortunately for its citizens Europe has not been a success. The greatest ongoing threat to Europe is the euro whose design was ill-conceived.

I also support the Subsidiarity and Proportionality Taskforce.  It is interesting that, on many matters, US states and Canadian provinces, even counties and municipalities, have greater autonomy and greater variation among them than EU member states currently have.  Do we have the balance right?  And does everything have to be harmonised and standardised?

These are good questions posed by Leo Varadkar but coming from a leader of a vassal state not even at the negotiating table to decide its future in the EU, they lack meaningful substance and are carried away by the wind.

The trouble is the project euro of fixed exchange rates is threatening the prosperity, cohesiveness and the very future of Europe.

Locking into a fixed exchange rate such as the euro has not enabled subsidiarity
the principle that decisions should always be taken at the lowest possible level or
closest to where they will have their effect, for example in a local area rather than for a whole country.

This principle was blocked by Germany insisting that the EU was not a transfer union meaning that states would support each other in times of crisis. There was no banking union nor indeed were central banks across Europe regulated by common deposit insurance or euro bonds.

Sammy Wilson of the DUP has labelled Varadkar a ‘nutcase’ a signal of growing frustration among unionists of Varadkar’s increasing tendency to pro European eulogy rivaling speeches of Kim Jong-un in praise of north Korea.

http://www.thejournal.ie/sammy-wilson-varadkar-nutcase-3805479-Jan2018/

However, numbers are growing and Many argue the euro has become an economic failure bringing peripheral countries to their knees barely able to cling onto stability following bailouts while austerity continues to make things worse.

Instead the euro was designed to level the playing field. On the contrary it has looted the periphery and concentrated prosperity in Germany and the inner core.

Our greatest ally in Europe, the UK, is now leaving. Its likely this will further concentrate flow of capital and resources to Germany rather than the periphery. Already Frankfurt is poised to grab any low hanging fruit transfer of financial services to Europe. This is in spite of heavy propaganda to the contrary, that financial services will flock to Dublin.

Rather than touting membership of the euro and the financial success that brought financial collapse to Ireland making us one of the most heavily indebted countries in the world, we should recognise in Ireland’s case FDI from the USA has saved us from the worst effects of financial collapse.

However with coming Brexit the euro could leave us worse off than Greece. So perhaps An Taoiseach needs to wake up or take off those rose-tinted glasses. Could we at least get guarantees from negotiators that Irish farmers in the 2020 transition period will not suffer loss of CAP repayments as UK has promised its farmers.

Wake up should include recap of Jean Claude Trichet’s visit to Ireland to put down local efforts to achieve a fair deal for Ireland on bailout in 2010.

“Leo Varadkar’s approach may make him popular in Brussels but it will eventually destroy Ireland,” he(Sammy Wilson) said.

“Upon reflection, I should have said Leo Varadkar’s EU policies defy logic rather than the language I used.”

While RTE is mainly a pro EU europhile broadcasting station, one programme that recently came out of its stable was one fronted by broadcaster reporter George Lee titled Brexit Farming on the Edge.

It did a good job setting down some of the real issues over Brexit currently politically avoided by Fianna Fail and Fine Gael in head in the sand fashion.

Recall the only improvements we got on bailout interest repayments came subsequent to successful efforts by Greek and Portuguese governments to achieve relaxation on their own debt repayment interest rates.

Throwing ourselves at the mercy of Europe is foolishly Quixotic and it will bring chaos to Ireland as Sammy Wilson has highlighted. Next financial collapse of our banks and the pensions of government ministers will be effected.

 

Youtube: https://youtu.be/YpSYBMltA-c

 

One of the greatest problems posed by Brexit is the lack of transparency, the obscurity surrounding the basic issues for the EU and Ireland  involving negotiations over Brexit. There appears to be a hard line ignorance of what the real implications are for this country.

The real issues are hidden from view and clouded in meaningless language no one understands.

Stage 1 of negotiations set about agreeing titles of negotiation positions that would later be fleshed out in Stage 2. Stage 1 outcome for Ireland was a meaningless conundrum copper fastening the impossible whose interpretation was whatever you made of it.

According to decisions depending on your interpretation Negotiations in Stage 2 would avoid a hard border and seek alignment north and south and Ireland/UK/EU; the only way to achieve this of course is if Britain were to abandon Brexit!

It’s very possible if not likely that Ireland in Brexit negotiations will be seen by UK and EU as an expendable casualty.

The Rand corporation(link below) have calculated negative effect of Brexit on UK trade over 10yrs approx 5%.

On the other hand, Effect of agri trade with UK up to negative 2bn annually from Ireland could be disproportionately catastrophic.

Loss of farm repayments, tariffs, decline in the value of sterling, decline in tourism not to speak of the decline in the value of the euro following breakup, could bring instability undreamed of and pose the end of the road for Irish farmers.

We won’t think of the financial abyss posed by falling Irish banks and bursting of a property bubble.

Stephen Donnelly representing Fianna Fail in Sunday Independent, 21.01.18 p30, has a 5 point plan:

In summary,

The plan is to get a transition agreement, avoid north south border controls, protect free trade between Britain and Ireland, protect nationalist interests during phase 2 of Brexit talks.

Donnelly’s recipe for success is free from any alarming sense of the wolves at our door but comes across as rather smug and vague and alarmingly nonsensical.

https://www.thesun.ie/news/2048377/george-lees-farming-on-the-edge-documentary-reveals-brexit-has-already-hit-irish-farmers-and-there-could-be-worse-to-come/

He does mention recent changes in the US tax code that threaten our Corporation Tax and he mentions that this can shortly be accompanied by an EU attack on our corporate tax base. But no mention of need for a place at the table for bilateral talks with Britain demanded of eu ‘partners’.

On foot of threats to our corporation tax and possible tariffs on exports to our largest export partner crippling our agri industry the most, we get the sense of smugly fudging and muddling our way through. It’ll be grand. Donnelly’s account is free of accountancy detail such as an in-depth analysis of the effect of a fall in sterling on our exports. Currently no buyers are coming from the UK to Ireland to attend our marts.

The biggest danger to our exports is not tariffs but exchange rates about which Donnelly has nothing to say.

Donnelly’s antidote to Brexit is to encourage a new wave of economic investment and expansion, aimed at growing and internationalising Irish-owned companies.’ With this suggestion showing an astounding ignorance of basic economics and the effect of international exchange rates on competitiveness.

Donnelly shows how ill prepared Fianna Fail are for managing Brexit.

Neither is there any effort of persuasion made that, for example, Germany use some of its surpluses to make up for the loss of a major contributor to CAP such as UK.

The effects of a sudden fall in the value of sterling, the imposition of tariffs on goods leaving Ireland for Britain, a reduction in farm payments supporting the Agri sector, the loss of £8.1 bn from Britain to the EU budget will all get debated in Stage 2 negotiations between the UK and EU.

The effects of even some of these changes on Ireland will be catastrophic.

No sense there of an eu buffer zone transferring funds to Ireland to pay for its embarrassing new EU border crossing into NI or compensation for loss of agri exports or further reductions in farm payments.

No opportunity to revisit Ireland’s lending arrangements with the EU and our bailout. Nor indeed no effort made to do the figures on the 40% loss of funding to the EU that’ll severely impact the EU budget.

Let’s look at CAP

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/STUD/2017/602007/IPOL_STU(2017)602007_EN.pdf

Statistics in Ireland are unreliable following on from our leprechaun economics episode of 25% increase in our GDP in 2015 derided as leprechaun economics. Likewise this year growth is due to a small number of multinationals moving assets into Ireland. This offsets spending on retail that has declined and the spend on new cars.

How reliable are exchange rates showing the EU jump from 1.08 to 1.22 dollar to euro in a couple of months in spite of Brexit!

https://www.independent.ie/business/irish/small-number-of-multinationals-fuel-06pc-irish-gdp-growth-in-q2-35049317.html

http://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/CBP-7886

“Accounting for these receipts results in the UK making an average net contribution of £7.1 billion between 2010 and 2014.”CBP-7602

In The Euro and its threat to the Future of Europe, 2017, Joseph Stiglitz writes(p23):

“Governments in the afflicted country do not want to tell their citizens that they have suffered in vain. Those in government at the time of a decision to leave the currency know there will be turmoil, and know that in the aftermath there is a large chance they will be thrown out of office. They know that regardless of who is actually to blame, they will carry the brunt of the criticism if things do not go well. Thus, all around, there are strong incentives not only to muddle through but also to claim victory based on the weakest of evidence; a slight decrease in unemployment, a slight increase in exports; any signs of life in the economy are now grounds for claiming that austerity programs are working.”

We are rained on by tiny improvements, a small reduction in the number of people homeless over December and Xmas, a few less on hospital trollies in A&E’s, some crumbs offered to first time buyers for exorbitant property that will collapse to negative equity on the first whiff of crisis.

We should be debating whether it is wise for us to leave the euro with the UK.

With Brexit remaining in the euro gets bleaker by the day. Given the shambles of negotiations in Stage 1, its hard to see any agreement on anything in Stage 2. Its clear the UK are already preparing for a hard Brexit, we should be too.

 

 

till again….

 

The Economics of Brexit: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Auxkoo1n6tQ

long term implications of Brextit:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=feugHdaC1b0

 

Irexit

December 2, 2017

“He added: “As the British Government has ruled that option out it must offer credible, concrete and workable solutions that guarantee that there will be no hard border whatever the outcome of the negotiations.

“As we discussed today, the period between now and the European Council meeting in two weeks’ time will be crucial – indeed, the next couple of days. So we don’t have long, but I believe that with the right engagement and with the right political will we can reach an agreement on the way ahead.”

Mr Varadkar’s ‘agreement’ is likely to coincide with John Bruton’s view below that the UK should not leave the customs union! This is both naive and foolhardy as it ignores the certainty of Brexit for Ms May’s government who have repeatedly stated Brexit means Brexit means leaving the customs union.

But Mr Varadkar warned: “I am also prepared to stand firm if the offer falls short.” ”

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/brexit-donald-tusk-ireland-uk-offer-eu-britain-leo-varadkar-a8087556.html

Shirking its responsibility to come up with a solution to Ireland’s border problem with Brexit Donald Tusk head of the European Council passes the buck to Ireland’s Trojan horse.

Tusk is President of the European Council since 2014 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donald_Tusk .

Ireland does not have a seat at the negotiating table of the EU for talks with the UK.

It’s not in the interest of the EU to lay out a policy document and agreement with the UK over Brexit as this weakens EU and could be a template for other leave campaigns should they arise after the UK. There are compelling reasons for Italy, Spain, Portugal and Cyprus to leave.

In Ireland anti Brexit sentiment among political parties is at its highest.  For example http://johnbruton.com/category/brexit/  John Bruton describes how leaving the EU puts Brexit in conflict with the Interlaken principles of the EU. Of course it does. They are leaving not joining the EU.

Brutonbelieves a solution to the border problem is that the UK should not leave the customs union and it should agree to a 6 year interim Brexit period during which he hopes the UK can be persuaded to change its mind.

Bruton and the EU and Ireland are practiced in multiple referendums until the result they want is forcibly achieved. No longer espousing democratic principles the will of the people regarded as malleable or an indifferent inconvenience that is easily subverted.

The principle of democracy with Brexit demanding the UK leave the customs union is strongly defended by the UK.

Fudging of Brexit demands that the UK reconsider its position is weakening the possibility of an agreed solution that won’t impose a hard Brexit.

Let me put forward a solution that will maintain the Irish Republic in the EU. If the EU made an initial spend of 50bn euro to support Ireland during Brexit this would make the spend on our population of approx 5,000,000 at 10,000 euro per person.

Currently https://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/business/news/northern-ireland-public-spending-highest-in-uk-14020-per-head-35747632.html , NI has the highest public spend in any region of the UK with approx 15000euro per person.

This would compensate us for loss of trade and provide for our border out of public funds.

MrTusk and fellow European politicians have not been talking of any financial support for Ireland. Perhaps negotiators can enlighten us on why this is so.

Following our financial collapse and bailout we did not even get a ghostly presence of European politicians but we did get threatened by the bailout team supported by EU politicians who demanded terms that horrified the IMF.

It would appear post Brexit Ireland would have to be raised to the status of a protectorate and thus financial support for our loss is required.

It’s a tragedy that the Irish border will reemerge as a reminder of this divided island and divided people.

Withour common heritage and vast diaspora in the UK we should be leaving the EU with Brexit invoking an Irexit that can unite north and south and the UK.

The south has been a huge loss to the north and visa versa. We need northern Ireland politicians and southern Ireland politicians to bring this island forward rather than backward into a broken past.

Irexit will not mean MNC’s leaving Ireland. MNC’s are global in their sales. Irish farmers would continue to sell into the UK and worldwide. A free trade agreement with the EU will need to be agreed. Irish educational institutions and universities and public services especially healthcare would require upgrade and harmonisation with our UK counterparts.

Alas the political will and talent for examining the benefits of Irexit as opposed to remaining in the EU under the likes of Irish Water’s Phil Hogan keep the media in myopic tunnel vision focused on remain with the topic of leaving kept out of public discourse.

A few years of the consequences of Brexit for this island may leave it too late to get a better deal for Ireland leaving the EU.

Meanwhile we lurch blindly towards the nightmare destiny of the island of Cyprus rescued by EU bailin of depositors money in its banks recently following financial collapse of Cyprus.

Post Brexit we can easily become “…the Republic of Cyprus is de facto partitioned into two main parts: the area under the effective control of the Republic, located in the south and west, and comprising about 59% of the island’s area; and the north,[24] administered by the self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, covering about 36% of the island’s area. Another nearly 4% of the island’s area is covered by the UN buffer zone.

The international community considers the northern part of the island as territory of the Republic of Cyprus occupied by Turkish forces.[25][26][27][28][29] The occupation is viewed as illegal under international law, amounting to illegal occupation of EU territory since Cyprus became a member of the European Union.[30]” 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyprus

What a mess Irish politicians are making and they are making it bigger.

 

till again……………

Head in Sand

August 28, 2017

Hitherto the Irish position on Brexit has been to ridicule the British negotiations post Brexit and hope Brexit will go away.

The EU have provided no plans on what they demand our border with NI should be. They demand these plans from British negotiators

We need to cost the border  with the European Commission, we need to examine what type of border will be put  in place.

We will be required to service and pay for its cost. Think of paying for a leg amputation for yourself to help you win a marathon you are competing in.

Putting the head in the sand and demanding the UK alone find solutions is reckless and irresponsible.

We are after all minions of the EU and we deserve to know what plans the EU post Brexit have in store for us.

The ludicrous demand the European Court of Justice will have jurisdiction in UK post Brexit has been shelved.

Germany’s proposition of a joint UK-EU panel as ultimate judge has now to be examined by each of the 27 member states before joint response.

Germany dictates the course of these negotiations.

You can see wheels will turn slowly if at all. Copy that methodology to every issue to be evaluated by each of the 27 member states and wonder will any Brexit deal pass muster with the EU.

Every dot will require an agreement from each of those member states.

A clean break without agreement would appear to be on the cards.

Pressure is mounting on Ireland to take a more active role in negotiations.We should encourage a more bilateral role for Ireland in these negotiations.

Instead in obedient compliance our head in the sand attitude has dispatched us to bottom of the class relegated to begging those issues effecting Ireland get highlighted.

Dubious and often unreliable and false figures of leprechaun economics frequently emanating as propaganda  from our Central Statistics Office ( CSO ) tell us our economy will boom over the  coming years.

This is challenged by the pain felt by our exporters into the UK market. Pain is being felt right now as sterling reaches an all time low against the euro.

Meanwhile sterling gets a boost for its exports while it’s imports drop. Many British holiday makers choose to stay at home rather than go to the EU including Ireland.

Lower exchange rate is already helping the British economy.

Sterling’s slump will cause many of our exporters to go out of business sooner rather than later.

Our  banks still teeter on the brink. Permanent TSB has over 20% of its lending in crisis. Expect large-scale repossessions.

Previous declaration on this blog on the need for Ireland to set up its own public Bank to provide low-cost building finance received a new twist this weekend.

I have outlined many times how resistant government is to resolving the housing crisis.

If construction and greater numbers of units coming to market brings down the cost of property this could damage vulture fund investments in Ireland, outstanding loans in our fragile banking system could go to negative equity setting off another sell off and another banking crisis.

But we live in an era of casino banking and homes are no longer homes but investments to gamble. There is clear evidence to show the middle class can no longer afford homes.

Supporting banks now translates to screwing the homeless and newer generations seeking a home.

Government has chosen a course to deny the needs of its people and capitulate to every demand from its corrupt financial sector.

Illustrating this fact this weekend was the reported case of Public Savings Bank Sparkasse which writes 50% of all German mortgages.

The bank operates similar to a credit union system not as transparent or public led as Public banks such as Bank of North Dakota advocated as part of a solution to our property crisis here….but ticks lots of the boxes required for a public bank.

It could make large savings for people applying for mortgages offering a lower by far interest rate on mortgages.

Sunday Indo reported 27th August “Sparkasse’s project manager in Ireland:

” I hear that politicians may be discussing in the background that the Sparkasse model may be threatening for the privatisation of AIB or BOI.”

Alas there is no real plan to tackle housing. Coming up with a plan to tackle housing might even threaten the banks in spite of how ludicrous this sounds

A properly funded Housing Agency coordinating policy, funding and provision of public housing is deeply and urgently required.

It needs Plan A to tackle the housing sector in Ireland. There is no sign of it coming soon. Plenty of little trees but no forest.

Dublin city council has a plan to fast track provision of 8000 housing units west of Adamstown but this may turn out to be pie in the sky.

By itself it doesn’t come close to address the number of units required annually over coming years to address the shortfall.

Likewise NAMA published a paper in 2015 on its plans but many plans have been shelved and NAMA is not held to account.

The Public Accounts committee should have NAMA and bankers in on a weekly basis to defend their activities in the property sector.  NAMA benefits vulture funds more than the Irish people while it’s activities are put beyond accountability and investigation.

Our Freedom of Information Act requires serious alterations to remove the Chinese Walls cloaks of secrecy protecting indefensible shortcomings and failures in NAMA.

The question why vulture funds instead of native developers and government as brokers using our pension fund have not acquired property suitable for relieving our housing crisis from NAMA is evidence of large failure by government.

There is no evidence to show government ever considered competing against vulture funds for NAMA property.

Countrywide councils are not funded to provide housing. This is the ideological fallout of a government right-wing party that has produced no position papers that address the crisis apart from 29 published housing initiatives that have all failed.

The reason for failure is FG and FF both are controlled by their banking financial sector and by large numbers of TDs in excess of 35% benefitting as landlords from increased rental prices.

They do not see it as the job of government to provide public housing.

Most of those failed plans try to incentives the private sector to build and construct residential property. But our developer and construction sector is broken.

The large players, Irish developers fallen victim of our property crash have been broken by NAMA.

NAMA has serious questions to answer on how it has broken the native capacity of developers in the Construction Federation of Ireland to grow our construction sector.

Government should serve the people. It is not fulfilling its mandate.

Many believe it can no longer respond to the needs of the people.

It’s not fulfilling its mandate constructed as it is by the banking sector complicated by incompetent compliance and useless obedience to the EU.

Till again…

Ireland’s Berlin Wall

February 12, 2017

An Taoiseach Enda Kenny has met with Polish Prime Minister, Beata Szydlo. He got no support from Beata Szydlo in his quest for Ireland to be given special status in coming Brexit negotiations.

In his belief that Ireland must be imaginative re its response to Brexit, it might have been useful to visit Poland’s border with the Ukraine. Delays of up to 4 hours for border control for those travelling by train between both countries.

Depending on the purpose of visit,  the vehicle you are travelling in,  papers carried, security checks, crossing the border might take an hour or so; or you might need to join the lengthy kilometers long grid lock of vehicles that appears not to move at all and is worse than Calais.

Construction and manning of these border control check points perhaps Kenny might have an imaginative word …”former head of the European Commission’s customs procedures has told MPs. Michael Lux told the Northern Ireland Affairs Committee that customs controls on the Border will be unavoidable if the United Kingdom leaves the EU customs union after Brexit”(1)

Crossing the Polish border into Ukraine you have to pass through the Polish border then the Ukraine border. Smuggling of goods particularly cigarettes are big issues. Perhaps Poland’s refusal to accept refugees is also an issue.

If Kenny is soft on the border between Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland could Ireland become a mecca for refugees fleeing Calais. Border patrols on our coastline would have to be stepped up to combat people smuggling and a growing refugee crisis in Southern Ireland may require special European funding arrangements.

People smugglers may resort to parachuting in their delivery of human cargo by night.

By day boats ill-suited to Mediterranean waters may navigate dangerous waters hoping to reach Southern Ireland before crossing over to Northern Ireland.

It would appear inevitable that a wall will need to be built.border-fence-cartoon

The cost of this wall could be astronomical. Much resentment would be felt by many pointing to our…. housing and homelessness crisis.

Walls have a habit of keeping people in as well as keeping people out. At current rates and if further devaluations occur brought about to make the UK economy even more competitive, the thousands travelling north on an hourly basis to stock up on lower price goods, could be delayed at the border, then further delayed on way back to process import duties and other checks….

2. Currently about one out of every 4 litres of milk consumed in the south comes from Northern Ireland amounting to over 600 million litres per year.

That’s a lot of trucks requiring paperwork sensitive to any delay or waiting game.

“IFA chief economist Rowena Dwyer broke down Ireland’s relationship with the UK in numbers at the IFA’s briefing on Brexit recently. 50% of Ireland’s total beef exports goes to the UK, followed by one-third of our total dairy exports. With the UK leaving the EU, a drop in Irish exports of between €150m to €800m can be expected.”(3)

With the collateral damage of border controls I believe the figures above are vastly understated. But it’s not only border controls at Norther Ireland its border controls at points of embarkation/demarcation between Ireland and the UK in general border crossing points both at land and sea.

Currently within the Irish media or at a political level in spite of the abjuration of Enda Kenny there is no imaginative or otherwise setting down of the precise implications of Brexit. A small group led by Kenny himself is handling Brexit.

We’ve had a cabinet setting up of an all-Ireland dialogue on Brexit but nothing concrete has emerged. Its imagined that Kenny is visiting fellow EU leaders to drum up support for Ireland’s special position in regard to Brexit.

But perhaps no one apart from Kenny knows what Ireland’s special position on Brexit amounts to? Is Kenny asking that a standing army of customs officials, construction companies, be provided by the EMU to police Ireland’s new borders with the UK, for free?

 

On the face of there are no plans other than to bury the head in the sand and hope for the best. Kenny is about to bow out of politics so the fall out wont effect him much, but it will affect the rest of us.

So let’s answer Kenny’s call for us to be imaginative. Let’s demand answers that put down on the table what exactly will happen with Brexit and what the fallout will be for each Mary and Joe citizen living on this island.

The only way to effectively do this is to call a referendum on IRexit to give each citizen in the Republic a vote on whether to stay in the EU or leave. There are profound implications which should force the facts to the surface and allow each citizen to make their choice.

One imaginative solution if Irexit was chosen would be to consider the Cyrpus situation. Turkish occupation of northern Cyprus has been an issue since 1974. In recent years the following proposed solution is emerging:

“The UN plan for settlement (Annan Plan)

'Sorry! I've changed my mind.'

‘Sorry! I’ve changed my mind.’

Under the final proposals, the Republic of Cyprus would become the United Cyprus Republic. It would be a loose federation composed of two component states. The northern Turkish Cypriot constituent state would encompass about 28.5% of the island, the southern Greek Cypriot constituent state would be made up of the remaining 71.5%. Each part would have had its own parliament. There would also be a bicameral parliament on the federal level. In the Chamber of Deputies, the Turkish Cypriots would have 25% of the seats. (While no accurate figures are currently available, the split between the two communities at independence in 1960 was approximately 80:20 in favour of the Greek Cypriots.) The Senate would consist of equal parts of members of each ethnic group. Executive power would be vested in a presidential council. The chairmanship of this council would rotate between the communities. Each community would also have the right to veto all legislation”

The US, the UN, UK and IR have all had deep involvement in finding solution for the conflict in Northern Ireland.

One solution would be for this island instead of building walls to adopt a solution along similar lines to the Annan Plan above. Ireland would form itself into a loose confederacy of states with Scotland, Wales and England operating under a similar umbrella of trade, legal, constitutional and social. Instead of this island being the Irish Republic, it would change to The United Ireland Republic.

Surely the above road is better than a road that promises imminent collapse of our banks, destruction of our social services, ruination of our agri industry, all to make this a smugglers paradise or Pirate Island for foolish politicians…..

Postscript

There needs to be a criminal investigation led by an external police authority outside this country to pursue those who engineered and executed the dirty tricks campaign mounted against whistle blowers including Garda McCable that has lasted for many years corrosively in An Garda Siochana covered up with inaction from the Department of Justice and now spread to other state organisations.

The handling of the above by this Fine Gael led governent rivals the incoherent way it has approached and currently prepares for Brexit. There is no reason to assume the incoherent opposition led by FF will in any way improve on matters.

 

Till again…………….

 

  1.  http://www.irishtimes.com/news/politics/may-s-border-promises-are-nice-words-says-ex-eu-customs-head-1.2959694
  2. http://www.agriland.ie/farming-news/ireland-set-to-import-record-levels-of-milk-in-2015/
  3. http://www.farmersjournal.ie/implications-for-irish-agriculture-if-british-cast-a-brexit-ballot-212787
  4. http://www.irishtimes.com/news/politics/cabinet-sets-up-all-ireland-group-to-prepare-for-brexit-1.2816034